Today, two main varieties are grown: the Corinth currant which is mainly cultivated across the north and west part of the Peloponnese and the Sultana, which is mainly cultivated in Heraklion, Crete. The word “raisin” is reserved for the “currant” being a dried small Black Corinth grape with “sultana” being a golden-coloured dried grape.
The sultana is of Asian origin and comes from the region of “Soultanie” in North Iran. From there, in the 12th century BC, it was introduced and cultivated in the valley of the Gediz River (the Magnesia of Asia Minor). Then, its cultivation spread to the Izmir region and to the rest of the Ionia coast. The sultanas were introduced from Smyrna in the Nafplion area in 1838, then on to the Argolis region and in 1901 in Crete.